Doctors Without Boundaries, a health charity based in northern Uganda, has identified a surge of cases among medical workers who work with HIV patients.
Dr Smith Ophthalmologists, Ophthalmic Surgeons and Optometrists are among the groups identified as the most at risk in northern Kinshasa.
The outbreak has prompted President Yoweri Museveni to declare a state of emergency in northern areas.
The government is also ordering all hospitals to quarantine all patients in the capital, Kinshos, and has called for an emergency meeting of the government’s Joint Commission to coordinate efforts against the virus.
Health workers are being screened at a government hospital in northern Kampala, as they come to work in the region.
The epidemic has already affected the health systems of neighbouring countries such as South Sudan and Burundi, and it has spread to Uganda, which is the world’s biggest donor to the International AIDS Fund.
“The outbreak is spreading very quickly in Uganda.
It’s a very dangerous situation,” said Dr Paul Goma, a Ugandan doctor and member of the Joint Commission, which has set up a taskforce to monitor the outbreak.
“I would say that if I were a medical worker, I’d have to be very careful.”
Health workers in Uganda are being tested for HIV every four days and are asked to wear protective gear.
Uganda’s National Health Service said it was aware of the outbreak, but had not seen any cases.
Dr Goma said it had to address the issue immediately.
“We need to address that.
We have a very poor health system,” he said.
The Joint Commission is due to meet on Monday.
A report to be presented by the Joint Committee on Infectious Diseases will highlight the need to focus on infection control in the country, he said, and to establish a system of mandatory testing.
Uganda has a population of about 11 million people and has one of the highest rates of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa.
The country has had a relatively low rate of HIV infections, but has seen a spike in infections among those living in the northern and eastern regions, where it has been the most prevalent.
Ugandan President Yowie Musevenu has warned of the risks of the virus spreading from northern Uganda to other parts of the country.
Uganda is one of several countries to have introduced mandatory testing for people living with HIV in recent years.
Earlier this year, Uganda became the first country to impose a ban on HIV testing, which was expanded to include tests for pregnant women and newborns.